Modules | Data Structures | Macros | Typedefs | Functions | Variables
Ecore main loop

This group discusses functions that are acting on Ecore's main loop itself or on events and infrastructure directly linked to it. More...

Modules

 Ecore Event functions
 Ecore events provide two main features that are of use to those using ecore: creating events and being notified of events.
 
 Process Spawning Functions
 This module is responsible for managing portable processes using Ecore.
 
 File Descriptor Handling Functions
 Definition for functions that deal with file descriptor handlers.
 
 Ecore Thread functions
 Facilities to run heavy tasks in different threads to avoid blocking the main loop.
 
 Pipe wrapper
 These functions wrap the pipe / write / read functions to easily integrate its use into ecore's main loop.
 
 Ecore Throttle functions
 
 Ecore Poll functions
 Ecore poller provides infrastructure for the creation of pollers.
 
 Ecore Animator functions
 Ecore animators are a helper to simplify creating animations.
 
 Ecore Timer functions
 Ecore provides very flexible timer functionality.
 
 Ecore Idle functions
 The idler functionality in Ecore allows for callbacks to be called when the program isn't handling events, timers or fd handlers.
 
 Ecore Job functions
 You can queue jobs that are to be done by the main loop when the current event is dealt with.
 

Data Structures

struct  _Ecore_Version
 

Macros

#define ECORE_VERSION_MAJOR   EFL_VERSION_MAJOR
 Ecore version major number.
 
#define ECORE_VERSION_MINOR   EFL_VERSION_MINOR
 Ecore version minor number.
 
#define ECORE_CALLBACK_CANCEL   EINA_FALSE
 Return value to remove a callback.
 
#define ECORE_CALLBACK_RENEW   EINA_TRUE
 Return value to keep a callback.
 
#define ECORE_CALLBACK_PASS_ON   EINA_TRUE
 Return value to pass event to next handler.
 
#define ECORE_CALLBACK_DONE   EINA_FALSE
 Return value to stop event handling.
 

Typedefs

typedef struct _Ecore_Version Ecore_Version
 This is the Ecore version information structure that can be used at runtime to detect which version of ecore is being used and adapt appropriately as follows for example: More...
 
typedef Eina_Bool(* Ecore_Task_Cb) (void *data)
 A callback run for a task (timer, idler, poller, animator, etc).
 
typedef int(* Ecore_Select_Function) (int nfds, fd_set *readfds, fd_set *writefds, fd_set *exceptfds, struct timeval *timeout)
 A function which can be used to replace select() in the main loop.
 
typedef void(* Ecore_Cb) (void *data)
 A generic callback called as a hook when a certain point in execution is reached.
 
typedef void *(* Ecore_Data_Cb) (void *data)
 A callback which is used to return data to the main function.
 

Functions

void ecore_main_loop_iterate (void)
 Runs a single iteration of the main loop to process everything on the queue. More...
 
int ecore_main_loop_iterate_may_block (int may_block)
 Runs a single iteration of the main loop to process everything on the queue with blocking/non-blocking status. More...
 
void ecore_main_loop_select_func_set (Ecore_Select_Function func)
 Sets the function to use when monitoring multiple file descriptors, and waiting until one of more of the file descriptors are ready for some class of I/O operation. More...
 
Ecore_Select_Function ecore_main_loop_select_func_get (void)
 Gets the select function set by ecore_select_func_set(), or the native select function if none was set.
 
Eina_Bool ecore_main_loop_glib_integrate (void)
 Requests ecore to integrate GLib's main loop. More...
 
void ecore_main_loop_glib_always_integrate_disable (void)
 Disables always integrating GLib. More...
 
void ecore_main_loop_begin (void)
 Runs the application main loop. More...
 
void ecore_main_loop_quit (void)
 Quits the main loop once all the events currently on the queue have been processed. More...
 
Eina_Bool ecore_main_loop_animator_ticked_get (void)
 Returns if an animator has ticked off during this loop iteration. More...
 
int ecore_main_loop_nested_get (void)
 Returns if the ecore_main_loop is running. More...
 
Eina_Bool ecore_fork_reset_callback_add (Ecore_Cb func, const void *data)
 Adds a function to be called by ecore_fork_reset(). More...
 
Eina_Bool ecore_fork_reset_callback_del (Ecore_Cb func, const void *data)
 This removes the callback specified. More...
 
void ecore_fork_reset (void)
 Resets the ecore internal state after a fork. More...
 
void ecore_main_loop_thread_safe_call_async (Ecore_Cb callback, void *data)
 Calls callback asynchronously in the main loop. More...
 
void * ecore_main_loop_thread_safe_call_sync (Ecore_Data_Cb callback, void *data)
 Calls callback synchronously in the main loop. More...
 
void ecore_main_loop_thread_safe_call_wait (double wait)
 Waits for the next thread call in the main loop. More...
 
int ecore_thread_main_loop_begin (void)
 This function suspends the main loop in a know state. More...
 
int ecore_thread_main_loop_end (void)
 Unlocks the main loop. More...
 

Variables

Ecore_Versionecore_version
 

Detailed Description

This group discusses functions that are acting on Ecore's main loop itself or on events and infrastructure directly linked to it.

Most programs only need to start and end the main loop, the rest of the functions discussed here are meant to be used in special situations, and with great care.

For details on the usage of ecore's main loop and how it interacts with other ecore facilities see: The Ecore Main Loop.

Typedef Documentation

§ Ecore_Version

This is the Ecore version information structure that can be used at runtime to detect which version of ecore is being used and adapt appropriately as follows for example:

#if defined(ECORE_VERSION_MAJOR) && (ECORE_VERSION_MAJOR >= 1) && defined(ECORE_VERSION_MINOR) && (ECORE_VERSION_MINOR > 0)
printf("Ecore version: %i.%i.%i\n",
ecore_version->major,
ecore_version->minor,
ecore_version->micro);
if (ecore_version->revision > 0)
{
printf(" Built from Git revision # %i\n", ecore_version->revision);
}
#endif

Function Documentation

§ ecore_main_loop_iterate()

void ecore_main_loop_iterate ( void  )

Runs a single iteration of the main loop to process everything on the queue.

It does everything that is already done inside an Ecore main loop, like checking for expired timers, idlers, etc. But it will do it only once and return, instead of keeping watch for new events.

DO NOT use this function unless you are the person God comes to ask for advice when He has trouble managing the Universe.

See also
ecore_main_loop_iterate_may_block()

References ecore_time_get(), and EINA_MAIN_LOOP_CHECK_RETURN.

Referenced by ecore_con_server_flush(), ecore_ipc_server_flush(), elm_quicklaunch_seed(), elm_shutdown(), and emotion_shutdown().

§ ecore_main_loop_iterate_may_block()

int ecore_main_loop_iterate_may_block ( int  may_block)

Runs a single iteration of the main loop to process everything on the queue with blocking/non-blocking status.

Parameters
may_blockA flag if the main loop has a possibility of blocking. (EINA_TRUE = may block/EINA_FALSE = non block)

This is an extension API for ecore_main_loop_iterate() with additional parameter. It does everything that is already done inside an Ecore main loop, like checking for expired timers, idlers, etc. But it will do it only once and return, instead of keep watching for new events.

DO NOT use this function unless you are the person God comes to ask for advice when He has trouble managing the Universe.

Returns
1 if event exists, else 0.
See also
ecore_main_loop_iterate()

References ecore_time_get(), and EINA_MAIN_LOOP_CHECK_RETURN_VAL.

§ ecore_main_loop_select_func_set()

void ecore_main_loop_select_func_set ( Ecore_Select_Function  func)

Sets the function to use when monitoring multiple file descriptors, and waiting until one of more of the file descriptors are ready for some class of I/O operation.

This function will be used instead of the system call select and could possibly be used to integrate the Ecore event loop with an external event loop.

Warning
you don't know how to use, don't even try to use it.
Parameters
funcThe function to be used.

References EINA_MAIN_LOOP_CHECK_RETURN.

Referenced by ecore_main_loop_glib_integrate().

§ ecore_main_loop_glib_integrate()

Eina_Bool ecore_main_loop_glib_integrate ( void  )

Requests ecore to integrate GLib's main loop.

This will add a small overhead during every main loop interaction by checking GLib's default main context (used by its main loop). If it have events to be checked (timers, file descriptors or idlers), then these will be polled alongside with Ecore's own events, then dispatched before Ecore's. This is done by calling ecore_main_loop_select_func_set().

This will cooperate with previously set ecore_main_loop_select_func_set() by calling the old function. Similarly, if you want to override ecore_main_loop_select_func_set() after main loop is integrated, call the new select function set by this call (get it by calling ecore_main_loop_select_func_get() right after ecore_main_loop_glib_integrate()).

This is useful to use GMainLoop libraries, like GTK, GUPnP, LibSoup, GConf and more. Adobe Flash plugin and other plugins systems depend on this as well.

Once initialized/integrated, it will be valid until Ecore is completely shut down.

Example of use:

int main(void)
{
// some code here
return 0;
}
Returns
EINA_TRUE on success of, EINA_FALSE if it failed likely due to no GLib support in Ecore.
Note
This is only available if Ecore was compiled with GLib support.
You don't need to call this function if Ecore was compiled with. –with-glib=always.

References ecore_main_loop_select_func_get(), ecore_main_loop_select_func_set(), EINA_FALSE, EINA_TRUE, and ERR.

Referenced by ecore_init().

§ ecore_main_loop_glib_always_integrate_disable()

void ecore_main_loop_glib_always_integrate_disable ( void  )

Disables always integrating GLib.

If ecore is compiled with –with-glib=always (to always call ecore_main_loop_glib_integrate() when ecore_init() is called), then calling this before calling ecore_init() will disable the integration. This is for apps that explicitly do not want this to happen for whatever reasons they may have.

§ ecore_main_loop_begin()

void ecore_main_loop_begin ( void  )

Runs the application main loop.

This function will not return until ecore_main_loop_quit is called. It will check for expired timers, idlers, file descriptors being watched by fd handlers, etc. Once everything is done, before entering again on idle state, any callback set as Idle_Enterer will be called.

This function should be called once only from the same thread that initted ecore, eina etc. (ecore_init(), eina_init(), ...) and should never be nested. Never call it from within an instance of itself.

Each main loop iteration is done by calling ecore_main_loop_iterate() internally.

The polling (select) function used can be changed with ecore_main_loop_select_func_set().

The function used to check for file descriptors, events, and that has a timeout for the timers can be changed using ecore_main_loop_select_func_set().

Examples:
banshee.c, client.c, complex-types-client-eina-value.c, complex-types-server.c, complex-types.c, connman-list-services.c, ecore_animator_example.c, ecore_con_client_example.c, ecore_con_client_simple_example.c, ecore_con_lookup_example.c, ecore_con_server_example.c, ecore_con_server_simple_example.c, ecore_con_url_cookies_example.c, ecore_con_url_download_example.c, ecore_con_url_headers_example.c, ecore_evas_basics_example.c, ecore_evas_buffer_example_02.c, ecore_evas_callbacks.c, ecore_evas_object_example.c, ecore_evas_window_sizes_example.c, ecore_event_example_01.c, ecore_event_example_02.c, ecore_exe_example.c, ecore_exe_example_child.c, ecore_fd_handler_example.c, ecore_fd_handler_gnutls_example.c, ecore_idler_example.c, ecore_imf_example.c, ecore_job_example.c, ecore_pipe_gstreamer_example.c, ecore_pipe_simple_example.c, ecore_poller_example.c, ecore_thread_example.c, ecore_time_functions_example.c, ecore_timer_example.c, edje-basic.c, edje-box.c, edje-box2.c, edje-color-class.c, edje-drag.c, edje-perspective.c, edje-signals-messages.c, edje-swallow.c, edje-table.c, edje-text.c, eina_tiler_01.c, eio_file_ls.c, emotion_basic_example.c, emotion_signals_example.c, evas-aspect-hints.c, evas-box.c, evas-events.c, evas-hints.c, evas-images.c, evas-images2.c, evas-map-utils.c, evas-object-manipulation.c, evas-smart-interface.c, evas-smart-object.c, evas-stacking.c, evas-table.c, evas-text.c, ofono-dial.c, and server.c.

References DBG, ecore_time_get(), eina_evlog(), EINA_MAIN_LOOP_CHECK_RETURN, and ERR.

Referenced by elm_run().

§ ecore_main_loop_quit()

void ecore_main_loop_quit ( void  )

§ ecore_main_loop_animator_ticked_get()

Eina_Bool ecore_main_loop_animator_ticked_get ( void  )

Returns if an animator has ticked off during this loop iteration.

Returns
EINA_TRUE if an animator has been called, EINA_FALSE otherwise.

There should be little need for anyone to use this - ever.

Since
1.9

References DBG.

§ ecore_main_loop_nested_get()

int ecore_main_loop_nested_get ( void  )

Returns if the ecore_main_loop is running.

Returns
An integer specifying if the ecore_main_loop is running, 0 if not running, > 0 if running
Since
1.13

§ ecore_fork_reset_callback_add()

Eina_Bool ecore_fork_reset_callback_add ( Ecore_Cb  func,
const void *  data 
)

Adds a function to be called by ecore_fork_reset().

Parameters
funcThe function to add.
dataThe data to pass to this function.

This queues func to be called (and passed data as its argument) when ecore_fork_reset() is called. This allows other libraries and subsystems to also reset their internal state after a fork.

Returns
EINA_TRUE on success, else EINA_FALSE.
Since
1.7

References EINA_FALSE, eina_list_append(), and EINA_TRUE.

Referenced by ecore_evas_init().

§ ecore_fork_reset_callback_del()

Eina_Bool ecore_fork_reset_callback_del ( Ecore_Cb  func,
const void *  data 
)

This removes the callback specified.

Parameters
funcThe function to delete.
dataThe data passed to this function.

This deletes the callback added by ecore_fork_reset_callback_add() using the function and data pointer to specify which to remove.

Returns
EINA_TRUE on success, else EINA_FALSE.
Since
1.7

References EINA_FALSE, EINA_LIST_FOREACH, eina_list_remove_list(), and EINA_TRUE.

§ ecore_fork_reset()

void ecore_fork_reset ( void  )

Resets the ecore internal state after a fork.

Ecore maintains internal data that can be affected by the fork() system call which creates a duplicate of the current process. This also duplicates file descriptors which is problematic in that these file descriptors still point to their original sources. This function makes ecore reset internal state (e.g. pipes used for signalling between threads) so they function correctly afterwards.

It is highly suggested that you call this function after any fork() system call inside the child process if you intend to use ecore features after this point and not call any exec() family functions. Not doing so will cause possible misbehaviour.

Since
1.7

References ecore_pipe_add(), ecore_pipe_del(), ecore_pipe_write(), EINA_LIST_FOREACH, EINA_LIST_FOREACH_SAFE, eina_list_remove_list(), eina_lock_release(), eina_lock_take(), eina_main_loop_define(), and unsetenv().

Referenced by elm_quicklaunch_fork().

§ ecore_main_loop_thread_safe_call_async()

void ecore_main_loop_thread_safe_call_async ( Ecore_Cb  callback,
void *  data 
)

Calls callback asynchronously in the main loop.

Since
1.1.0
Parameters
callbackThe callback to call in the main loop
dataThe data to give to that call back

For all calls that need to happen in the main loop (most EFL functions do), this helper function provides the infrastructure needed to do it safely by avoiding dead lock, race condition and properly wake up the main loop.

Remember after that function call, you should never touch again the data in the thread, it is owned by the main loop and your callback should take care of freeing it if necessary.

References EINA_FALSE, and eina_main_loop_is().

Referenced by ecore_thread_feedback(), and ecore_thread_global_data_wait().

§ ecore_main_loop_thread_safe_call_sync()

void* ecore_main_loop_thread_safe_call_sync ( Ecore_Data_Cb  callback,
void *  data 
)

Calls callback synchronously in the main loop.

Since
1.1.0
Parameters
callbackThe callback to call in the main loop
dataThe data to give to that call back
Returns
The value returned by the callback in the main loop.

For all calls that need to happen in the main loop (most EFL functions do), this helper function provides the infrastructure needed to do it safely by avoiding dead lock, race condition and properly wake up the main loop.

Remember this function will block until the callback is executed in the main loop. It can take time and you have no guaranty about the timeline.

References eina_condition_new(), eina_condition_wait(), EINA_FALSE, eina_lock_new(), eina_lock_release(), eina_lock_take(), eina_main_loop_is(), and EINA_TRUE.

Referenced by ecore_thread_global_data_wait().

§ ecore_main_loop_thread_safe_call_wait()

void ecore_main_loop_thread_safe_call_wait ( double  wait)

Waits for the next thread call in the main loop.

Since
1.13.0
Parameters
waitHow long to wait for this callback to be called.

Note: This function should only be called in the main loop and will actually block the main loop until either a call is triggered from a thread or the time specified by wait has passed.

References ecore_pipe_wait(), and EFL_ID_DOMAIN_INVALID.

Referenced by ecore_thread_wait().

§ ecore_thread_main_loop_begin()

int ecore_thread_main_loop_begin ( void  )

This function suspends the main loop in a know state.

Since
1.1.0
Returns
The number of time ecore_thread_main_loop_begin() has been called in this thread, if the main loop was suspended correctly. If not, it return -1.

This function suspend the main loop in a know state, this let you use any EFL call you want after it return. Be carefully, the main loop is blocked until you call ecore_thread_main_loop_end(). This is the only sane way to achieve pseudo thread safety.

Notice that until the main loop is blocked, the thread is blocked and their is noway around that.

We still advise you, when possible, to use ecore_main_loop_thread_safe_call_async() as it will not block the thread nor the main loop.

References efl_domain_data_adopt(), EFL_ID_DOMAIN_INVALID, eina_condition_new(), eina_condition_wait(), eina_lock_new(), eina_lock_release(), eina_lock_take(), eina_main_loop_define(), eina_main_loop_is(), EINA_TRUE, and ERR.

§ ecore_thread_main_loop_end()

int ecore_thread_main_loop_end ( void  )

Unlocks the main loop.

Since
1.1.0
Returns
The number of time ecore_thread_main_loop_end() need to be called before the main loop is unlocked again. -1 will be returned if you are trying to unlock when there wasn't enough call to ecore_thread_main_loop_begin().

After a call to ecore_thread_main_loop_begin(), you need to absolutely call ecore_thread_main_loop_end(), or you application will stay frozen.

References efl_domain_data_return(), EFL_ID_DOMAIN_INVALID, eina_condition_broadcast(), eina_condition_wait(), eina_lock_release(), eina_lock_take(), eina_main_loop_is(), and ERR.